Land use and transport planning



Country: a) Northern Europeb) Denmark
Type: Project, 2
Area: City/Town, Rur/area/Village, 100,000 - 1 mill.
Actors: Local government, Regional government
Topics: Land use and -planning
Mobility and transport
Objectives: Improve intersectoral cooperation
Increase bio-diversity
Increase use of public transport
Reduce car mobility
Reduce commuting distance
Instruments: Integrated planning approach


Copenhagen designed a new master plan in 1993 in order to improve the living conditions in the city (pollution reduction, green spaces) and to co-ordinate urban growth with more decentralised land use keeping a compact city structure as a long term objective. This project is included in the data base since the following aspects are priorities:



Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is a city of around 1.7 mill. inhabitants, situated on the coast in the north-east of the island of Zealand. In 1947, the first regional plan for the Copenhagen area was made in order to combat the uncontrolled urban growth arising from industrialisation. This so-called "Finger plan" described an urban structure shaped like a hand with five fingers, based on railway patterns. New urban settlement was to be restricted along the existing railway lines. Further master plans were subsequently designed with a view to protecting the centre of Copenhagen from activities that generated more traffic and nuisance. In the early 1990s, the reform on planning authority distribution and a law on a permanent link between Denmark and Sweden over the Oresund led Copenhagen to design a new plan - the Municipal Plan of the City of Copenhagen (1993).

The Municipal Plan of the City of Copenhagen 1993 aims at

Though planning ideals have of course been changing throughout the period, regional planning in Copenhagen has been reasonably successful in

Thanks to these measures the Copenhagen city administration can offer the suburban population better access to jobs and services and at the same time reduce commuter travel. The centre of Copenhagen has a good traffic situation, with low air pollution and little traffic congestion, but the pollution situation still needs to be improved. Even though a recent survey of office construction in the Greater Copenhagen area shows that only about half of the office floorage built between 1980 and 1990 was actually placed in the priority areas near public transport stations, long-term planning envisages a more decentralised but still compact city structure.

Source of Information



Firstname:Hans Christian
Telefon:+45/33 66 58 00
Telefax:+45/33 66 71 33
Enviromental Protection Agency
Flaesketorvet 68
DK-1711 Copenhagen V


Copenhagen :

The City of Copenhagen covers an area of 88.2 square kilometres. It is a densely populated city with 5,316 residents per square kilometre. The Copenhagen Municipality is the seat of the Government and Parliament, as well as of a number of supervisory institutions. It is the centre of finance and commerce.

After the dissolution of the Greater Copenhagen Council in 1990 the municipality of Copenhagen has assumed responsibility for certain regional tasks for the central parts of Greater Copenhagen and the neighbouring areas of the region of north-eastern Zealand. The City has a considerable proportion of older and small-sized houses which were built before 1945. Housing areas consist mainly of residential blocks, while single-family houses only have a share of 7% of the buildings. The population of Copenhagen consists of a relatively high proportion of elderly and young people. The number of households is 265,850.



Project was added at 01.06.1995
Project was changed at 21.08.2001

Extract from the database 'SURBAN - Good practice in urban development', sponsored by: European Commission, DG XI and Land of Berlin
European Academy of the Urban Environment · Bismarckallee 46-48 · D-14193 Berlin · fax: ++49-30-8959 9919